ORCHIDS OF MACHU PICCHU – INCA TRAIL
The orchid family called “orchidaceae” is most diverse with 30,000 to 35,000 types in the world. It is known that they have existed for 60 million years. The forest of South America and Malaysia we can find greatest diversity privileged; adapted to the most diverse habitats, throughout the planet (only Antarctica and the driest deserts lack them). They can be found from the small ones that are only a few millimeters. But we can also find huge bouquets with dozens of flowers; with a height of 4 meters and these can be found in the historic sanctuary of Machu picchu.
ORCHIDS OF MACHU PICCHU
The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu has around 425 types of orchids distributed in various ecological niches; including some new species; some of them are from the archaeological park and are protected by the state. There are around 60 genera of orchids and each one of them has a singular exotic, beauty and is part of the attraction of the great biodiversity on the Inca Trail and Machu Picchu.
Orchids were known both in Pre-inca cultures as well as in inca culture; some of them still present the native name in Quechua as wiñaywayna and wakanky (the most beautiful and representative orchid in the machu picchu sanctuary).
In Peru they exist from 500 masl to 3800 masl, especially in the cloud forest such as the inca trail to machu picchu; with is it 32.592 hectares and 425 reported types are estimated and more could exist. In 2015 the prestigious magazine ICONES ORCHIDACEARUM reported 3 new discoveries.
- Epidendrum Ochoae, dedicated to the biólogist Julio Gustavo Ochoa Estrada (director del programa de Conservación y Manejo Biocultural de Machu Picchu).
- Incahuamanii Epidendrum, dedicated to Feliciano Incahuamán Atausinchi (vigilante conservador del Santuario de Machu Picchu).
- Epidendrum Mormontoyi, dedicated to Rolando Mormontoy López, (vigilante y conservador de la red de caminos del santuario Machu Picchu).
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